Whether you’re shopping for a wedding ring or a big diamond engagement ring, there is no doubt you are after a beautiful, quality product. The last thing you want is an invaluable diamond, but perhaps you don’t know exactly what to look for in a diamond when shopping for a ring. What constitutes a “quality” diamond? A simple way to know what to look for in diamond are the 4cs of diamonds. This is a short and easy guide to remember what to look for when shopping for a wedding or engagement ring. Read along to get a general understanding of the 4cs of diamonds and what to keep an eye out for when shopping for an engagement ring.

Cut

Out of all the 4Cs of diamonds, cut is the most important. Why? The cut of a diamond has the greatest impact on a diamond’s sparkle, and you definitely want a sparkly diamond! The better the cut, the more the diamond will sparkle. Whatever your budget may be, you’re definitely going to want to purchase the highest cut grade of diamond that you can afford. Some of the best diamond cuts out there are: round cuts, princess cuts and brilliant cuts.

Color

The second of the 4Cs of diamonds is color. The human eye first notices a diamond’s sparkle, and then the color. Believe it or not, diamonds occur in a range of hues, going from clear and colorless to light yellow and brown. While we are accustomed to think the standard diamond is colorless, that isn’t the case. Colorless diamonds are actually the rarest types! Diamonds in natural colors like blue, red and pink are called “fancy colored diamonds” and they have a different color grading than white and colorless ones.

Clarity

Of the 4Cs of diamonds, clarity doesn’t rank too high. The clarity of a diamond is determined by imperfections - internal and external. While no one wants an imperfect diamond, the chance of you actually noticing a blemish is rare. These types of imperfections are only noticeable under professional magnification. That being said, a diamond’s clarity is measured by how big the imperfections are. These are called “inclusions.” The smaller the inclusion, the more clarity a diamond has.

Carat

We are accustomed to thinking that the carat of a diamond determines its size. In fact, the carat of a diamond refers to it’s weight, measured in metric carats. One carat is equivalent to one-fifth gram or 0.007 ounces, and is then divided into 100 points. Diamonds with big carats seem impressive, but in reality judging a diamond by its carat weight is judging a car by its size. The price of a diamond goes up if the carat size is bigger, but that doesn’t mean the quality or value of the diamond is better. Diamonds that don’t have a good cut, but have a big carat size are not as significant. Cut and color are considered much more important when testing quality diamonds. The Carat size is the last of the 4cs of diamonds because it is very objective.

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